An aerial view of Nairobi’s vast Kibera slum, home to an estimated one million residents.

KIBERA in Nairobi is the largest slum in Africa, with an estimated population of over one million, living in a space smaller than New York’s Central Park.

It is the focus of a major upgrading program by UN-HABITAT and has famously featured in several movies, including The Constant Gardener. President Barack Obama paid a visit there in 2006, when he was a US senator.
The name Kibera is derived from kibra, a Nubian word meaning “jungle.” It was the Nubian soldiers, who served in the British Army, who established the settlement in 1918, after their return from World War One.